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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS00M3FxLXF3NHgtMjhmOM4AAvar

Kirby CMS vulnerable to user enumeration in the code-based login and password reset forms

TL;DR

This vulnerability only affects you if you are using the code or password-reset auth method with the auth.methods option. It can only be successfully exploited under server configuration conditions outside of the attacker's control.


Introduction

User enumeration is a type of vulnerability that allows attackers to confirm which users are registered in a Kirby installation. This information can be abused for social engineering attacks against users of the site or to find out the organizational structure of the company.

User enumeration attacks are performed by entering an existing and a non-existing user into the email address field of the login form. If the system returns a different response or behaves differently depending on whether the user exists, the attacker can enter unknown email addresses and use the different behavior as a clue for the (non-)existing user.

Impact

Under normal circumstances, entering an invalid email address results in a "fake" login code form that looks exactly like the one of an existing user (unless debugging is enabled). However, the code that handles the creation of a code challenge (for code-based login or password reset) didn't catch errors that occurred while the challenge request was processed:

As long as no error occurs during challenge creation and during the processing of the user.login:failed hook, your Kirby sites are not affected by this vulnerability.

Patches

The problems have been patched in Kirby 3.5.8.2, Kirby 3.6.6.2, Kirby 3.7.5.1 and Kirby 3.8.1. Please update to one of these or a later version to fix the vulnerability.

All of the mentioned releases contain two patches for this vulnerability:

Workarounds

We recommend to update to one of the patch releases. If you cannot update immediately, you can work around the issue by setting the auth.methods option to password, which disables the code-based login and password reset forms.

However please note that your site will still be vulnerable against another user enumeration issue that was also fixed in the same patch releases.

Credits

Thanks to Florian Merz (@florianmrz) of hatchery.io for responsibly reporting the identified issue.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-43qq-qw4x-28f8
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS00M3FxLXF3NHgtMjhmOM4AAvar
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: Moderate
Classification: General
Published: over 1 year ago
Updated: over 1 year ago


CVSS Score: 4.8
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-43qq-qw4x-28f8, CVE-2022-39314
References: Repository: https://github.com/getkirby/kirby
Blast Radius: 12.4

Affected Packages

packagist:getkirby/cms
Dependent packages: 223
Dependent repositories: 378
Downloads: 329,376 total
Affected Version Ranges: = 3.8.0, >= 3.7.0, < 3.7.5.1, >= 3.6.0, < 3.6.6.2, >= 3.5.0, < 3.5.8.2
Fixed in: 3.8.1, 3.7.5.1, 3.6.6.2, 3.5.8.2
All affected versions: 3.5.0, 3.5.1, 3.5.2, 3.5.3, 3.5.4, 3.5.5, 3.5.6, 3.5.7, 3.5.8, 3.6.0, 3.6.1, 3.6.2, 3.6.3, 3.6.4, 3.6.5, 3.6.6, 3.7.0, 3.7.1, 3.7.2, 3.7.3, 3.7.4, 3.7.5, 3.8.0, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.8.3, 3.8.4, 3.9.0, 3.9.1, 3.9.2, 3.9.3, 3.9.4, 3.9.5, 3.9.6, 3.9.7, 3.9.8, 3.10.0, 3.10.1, 4.0.0, 4.0.1, 4.0.2, 4.0.3, 4.1.0, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.2.0, 4.3.0
All unaffected versions: 3.0.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.0.3, 3.1.0, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.1.4, 3.2.0, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4, 3.2.5, 3.3.0, 3.3.1, 3.3.2, 3.3.3, 3.3.4, 3.3.5, 3.3.6, 3.4.0, 3.4.1, 3.4.2, 3.4.3, 3.4.4, 3.4.5