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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS00aHdxLTRjcG0tOHZteM4AA5gr

Vyper's `extract32` can ready dirty memory

Summary

When using the built-in extract32(b, start), if the start index provided has for side effect to update b, the byte array to extract 32 bytes from, it could be that some dirty memory is read and returned by extract32.

Details

Before evaluating start, the function Extract32.build_IR caches only:

but do not cache the actual content of b. This means that if the evaluation of start changes b's content and length, an outdated length will be used with the new content when extracting 32 bytes from b.

PoC

Calling the function foo of the following contract returns b'uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu\x00\x00789' meaning that extract32 accessed some dirty memory.

var:Bytes[96]

@internal
def bar() -> uint256:
    self.var = b'uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu'
    self.var = b''
    return 3

@external
def foo() -> bytes32:
    self.var = b'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz123456789'
    return extract32(self.var, self.bar(), output_type=bytes32)
    # returns b'uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu\x00\x00789'

Impact

For contracts that are affected, it means that calling extract32 returns dirty memory bytes instead of some expected output.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-4hwq-4cpm-8vmx
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS00aHdxLTRjcG0tOHZteM4AA5gr
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: Low
Classification: General
Published: about 2 months ago
Updated: about 2 months ago


CVSS Score: 3.7
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-4hwq-4cpm-8vmx, CVE-2024-24564
References: Repository: https://github.com/vyperlang/vyper
Blast Radius: 8.8

Affected Packages

pypi:vyper
Dependent packages: 3
Dependent repositories: 236
Downloads: 33,545 last month
Affected Version Ranges: <= 0.3.10
No known fixed version
All affected versions: 0.2.1, 0.2.2, 0.2.3, 0.2.4, 0.2.5, 0.2.6, 0.2.7, 0.2.8, 0.2.9, 0.2.10, 0.2.11, 0.2.12, 0.2.13, 0.2.14, 0.2.15, 0.2.16, 0.3.0, 0.3.1, 0.3.2, 0.3.3, 0.3.4, 0.3.5, 0.3.6, 0.3.7, 0.3.8, 0.3.9, 0.3.10