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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS13cjNqLXB3ajktaHFxNs4AA6Nc

Path traversal in webpack-dev-middleware

Summary

The webpack-dev-middleware middleware does not validate the supplied URL address sufficiently before returning the local file. It is possible to access any file on the developer's machine.

Details

The middleware can either work with the physical filesystem when reading the files or it can use a virtualized in-memory memfs filesystem.
If writeToDisk configuration option is set to true, the physical filesystem is used:
https://github.com/webpack/webpack-dev-middleware/blob/7ed24e0b9f53ad1562343f9f517f0f0ad2a70377/src/utils/setupOutputFileSystem.js#L21

The getFilenameFromUrl method is used to parse URL and build the local file path.
The public path prefix is stripped from the URL, and the unsecaped path suffix is appended to the outputPath:
https://github.com/webpack/webpack-dev-middleware/blob/7ed24e0b9f53ad1562343f9f517f0f0ad2a70377/src/utils/getFilenameFromUrl.js#L82
As the URL is not unescaped and normalized automatically before calling the midlleware, it is possible to use %2e and %2f sequences to perform path traversal attack.

PoC

A blank project can be created containing the following configuration file webpack.config.js:
module.exports = { devServer: { devMiddleware: { writeToDisk: true } } };

When started, it is possible to access any local file, e.g. /etc/passwd:
$ curl localhost:8080/public/..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f../etc/passwd

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin
bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/usr/sbin/nologin
sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync
games:x:5:60:games:/usr/games:/usr/sbin/nologin

Impact

The developers using webpack-dev-server or webpack-dev-middleware are affected by the issue. When the project is started, an attacker might access any file on the developer's machine and exfiltrate the content (e.g. password, configuration files, private source code, ...).

If the development server is listening on a public IP address (or 0.0.0.0), an attacker on the local network can access the local files without any interaction from the victim (direct connection to the port).

If the server allows access from third-party domains (CORS, Allow-Access-Origin: * ), an attacker can send a malicious link to the victim. When visited, the client side script can connect to the local server and exfiltrate the local files.

Recommendation

The URL should be unescaped and normalized before any further processing.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-wr3j-pwj9-hqq6
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS13cjNqLXB3ajktaHFxNs4AA6Nc
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: High
Classification: General
Published: about 1 month ago
Updated: about 1 month ago


CVSS Score: 7.4
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-wr3j-pwj9-hqq6, CVE-2024-29180
References: Repository: https://github.com/webpack/webpack-dev-middleware
Blast Radius: 48.0

Affected Packages

npm:webpack-dev-middleware
Dependent packages: 11,986
Dependent repositories: 3,037,167
Downloads: 81,951,779 last month
Affected Version Ranges: <= 5.3.3, >= 6.0.0, < 6.1.2, >= 7.0.0, < 7.1.0
Fixed in: 5.3.4, 6.1.2, 7.1.0
All affected versions: 0.5.0, 0.5.1, 0.6.0, 0.6.1, 0.6.2, 0.7.0, 0.7.1, 0.7.2, 0.7.3, 0.7.4, 0.8.0, 0.8.1, 0.8.2, 0.9.0, 0.9.1, 0.10.0, 0.10.1, 0.10.2, 0.11.0, 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, 1.0.4, 1.0.5, 1.0.6, 1.0.7, 1.0.8, 1.0.9, 1.0.10, 1.0.11, 1.1.0, 1.2.0, 1.3.0, 1.4.0, 1.5.0, 1.5.1, 1.6.0, 1.6.1, 1.7.0, 1.8.0, 1.8.1, 1.8.2, 1.8.3, 1.8.4, 1.9.0, 1.10.0, 1.10.1, 1.10.2, 1.11.0, 1.12.0, 1.12.1, 1.12.2, 2.0.0, 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 2.0.3, 2.0.4, 2.0.5, 2.0.6, 3.0.0, 3.0.1, 3.1.0, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.2.0, 3.3.0, 3.4.0, 3.5.0, 3.5.1, 3.5.2, 3.6.0, 3.6.1, 3.6.2, 3.7.0, 3.7.1, 3.7.2, 3.7.3, 4.0.0, 4.0.1, 4.0.2, 4.0.3, 4.0.4, 4.1.0, 4.2.0, 4.3.0, 5.0.0, 5.1.0, 5.2.0, 5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.3.0, 5.3.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.3, 6.0.0, 6.0.1, 6.0.2, 6.1.0, 6.1.1, 7.0.0
All unaffected versions: 5.3.4, 6.1.2, 6.1.3, 7.1.0, 7.1.1, 7.2.0, 7.2.1