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Security Advisories: GSA_kwCzR0hTQS1ncjc5LTl2NnYtZ2M5cs4AA430

Dex discarding TLSconfig and always serves deprecated TLS 1.0/1.1 and insecure ciphers

Summary

Dex 2.37.0 is serving HTTPS with insecure TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1.

Details

While working on https://github.com/dexidp/dex/issues/2848 and implementing configurable TLS support, I noticed my changes did not have any effect in TLS config, so I started investigating.

https://github.com/dexidp/dex/blob/70d7a2c7c1bb2646b1a540e49616cbc39622fb83/cmd/dex/serve.go#L425 is seemingly setting TLS 1.2 as minimum version, but the whole tlsConfig is ignored after "TLS cert reloader" was introduced in https://github.com/dexidp/dex/pull/2964. Configured cipher suites are not respected either, as seen on the output.

PoC

Build Dex, generate certs with gencert.sh, modify config.dev.yaml to run on https, using generated certs.

issuer: http://127.0.0.1:5556/dex

storage:
  type: sqlite3
  config:
    file: dex.db

web:
  https: 127.0.0.1:5556
  tlsCert: examples/k8s/ssl/cert.pem
  tlsKey: examples/k8s/ssl/key.pem

<rest as default>

Run dex bin/dex serve config.dev.yaml.

Install sslyze, easy to use SSL connection analyzer:

pip3 install sslyze
sslyze 127.0.0.1:5556

In Dex 2.37.0, TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are enabled in addition to expected TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.3.

 * TLS 1.0 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 80 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 6 cipher suites:
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                      256                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                      128                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA                     168                      
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                256       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                128       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA               168       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)

     The group of cipher suites supported by the server has the following properties:
       Forward Secrecy                    OK - Supported
       Legacy RC4 Algorithm               OK - Not Supported


 * TLS 1.1 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 80 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 6 cipher suites:
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                      256                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                      128                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA                     168                      
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                256       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                128       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA               168       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)

     The group of cipher suites supported by the server has the following properties:
       Forward Secrecy                    OK - Supported
       Legacy RC4 Algorithm               OK - Not Supported


 * TLS 1.2 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 156 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 11 cipher suites:
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384                   256                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                      256                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256                   128                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                      128                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA                     168                      
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256       256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384             256       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                256       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256             128       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                128       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA               168       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)

     The group of cipher suites supported by the server has the following properties:
       Forward Secrecy                    OK - Supported
       Legacy RC4 Algorithm               OK - Not Supported


 * TLS 1.3 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 5 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 3 cipher suites:
        TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256                      256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)
        TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384                            256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)
        TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256                            128       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)

In Dex 2.36.0, TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are disabled as expected.

 * TLS 1.0 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 80 cipher suites; the server rejected all cipher suites.

 * TLS 1.1 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 80 cipher suites; the server rejected all cipher suites.

 * TLS 1.2 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 156 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 5 cipher suites:
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384                   256                      
        TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256                   128                      
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256       256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384             256       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)
        TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256             128       ECDH: prime256v1 (256 bits)

     The group of cipher suites supported by the server has the following properties:
       Forward Secrecy                    OK - Supported
       Legacy RC4 Algorithm               OK - Not Supported


 * TLS 1.3 Cipher Suites:
     Attempted to connect using 5 cipher suites.

     The server accepted the following 3 cipher suites:
        TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256                      256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)
        TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384                            256       ECDH: X25519 (253 bits)

Impact

TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 connections can be decrypted by the attacker, and hence decrypt the traffic to Dex.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-gr79-9v6v-gc9r
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/GSA_kwCzR0hTQS1ncjc5LTl2NnYtZ2M5cs4AA430
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: High
Classification: General
Published: about 1 month ago
Updated: about 1 month ago


CVSS Score: 7.5
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

Identifiers: GHSA-gr79-9v6v-gc9r, CVE-2024-23656
References:

Affected Packages

go:github.com/dexidp/dex
Versions: = 2.37.0
Fixed in: 2.38.0